Herniated Disc Repair
Herniated disc term is also used with the other names ruptured disc or slipped disc. Herniated disc is usually occurred in the lower back. It is one the regular and common causes for receiving the leg pain and back pain. People of about 60% to 80% do experience the low back pain caused at some point, any time in their lives. Lower back pains caused from herniated disc, are very painful, however, most of the candidates get relief from the non surgical treatment taken for a few weeks, sometimes months.
The spine in the human body is made with 24 bones, which are called as vertebrae and these are stacked on one another. A canal is created with these bones and act as protectors to the spinal cord. The lower back on the spinal is the lower five vertebrae in the spine and this area is known as lumbar spine.
Spine has the other parts
Spinal cord and nerves are the part of the spinal cord and these act as electrical cables. These cables carry the messages between the muscles and brain, by travelling through the spinal canal. Other parts are intervertebral discs. These discs are flexible and present in between vertebrae. They act to be the shock absorbers, especially, while the human walks or runs. These have the thickness of half inch size and look flat and round. The intervertebral discs are made up of annulus fibroses and nucleus pulposus.
When any injury happens or tears because of wearing, jelly like nucleus starts pushing it against the outer ring and start herniating. The pressure caused in the outer ring would result in the lower back pain. During the injuries or worn conditions, the jelly like nucleus get squeezed all through the way. The nucleus herniated or broken through its outer ring, lower back will start increasing. It because the jelly like nucleus inflames the nerves of the spine. The pressure it puts over the spinal nerves that are sensitive will cause the weakness, numbness and pain in a single or both the legs. Apart from these causes, herniated disc also happens because of the natural process of aging of the spine. It is because the water content in the disk dries out. Then discs will get shrunk and the vertebrae spaces will become narrow. Such process by aging is called disc degeneration.
Further risk factors
- Male, in between 30 to 50 years are likely to have intensified herniated disc.
- Improper lifting with the use of the back muscles
- Overweight or more stress on the lower back discs
- Repetitive activities that are prone to strain the spine
- Frequent driving and long seating periods
- Sedentary jobs and lifestyle
- Back pain
- Foot or leg pain
- Tingling or numbness felt in foot or legs
- Weakened foot or legs
- Loss of control over bowel or bladder, though it is rare
Most of these pains can be healed by non-surgical treatments. However, severe and intense problems need surgical treatments.
Herniated Discs Spine Surgery in India is a recommended procedure for the candidates, who have intensified symptoms. Microdiscetomy is most commonly performed to treat these problems surgically. This process is performed to remove the herniated part only from the disc and if there are any fragments present, which put more pressure on the nerves of the spine.
Complications and Outcomes
- Damage of nerves
- Dural leakage
- Nerve compression caused from hematoma
- Disc herniation recurrence
Outcome that can be expected from microdiscectomy is much relief from the pain. Relief is usually seen after a few weeks of the period after the surgery. The improvement continues even after a few months period. Patients can resume to the normal and regular activities after a few days of the surgery.
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