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Herniated disc term is also used with the other names ruptured disc or slipped disc. Herniated disc is usually occurred in the lower back. It is one the regular and common causes for receiving the leg pain and back pain. People of about 60% to 80% do experience the low back pain caused at some point, any time in their lives. Lower back pains caused from herniated disc, are very painful, however, most of the candidates get relief from the non surgical treatment taken for a few weeks, sometimes months.
The spine in the human body is made with 24 bones, which are called as vertebrae and these are stacked on one another. A canal is created with these bones and act as protectors to the spinal cord. The lower back on the spinal is the lower five vertebrae in the spine and this area is known as lumbar spine.
Spinal cord and nerves are the part of the spinal cord and these act as electrical cables. These cables carry the messages between the muscles and brain, by travelling through the spinal canal. Other parts are intervertebral discs. These discs are flexible and present in between vertebrae. They act to be the shock absorbers, especially, while the human walks or runs. These have the thickness of half inch size and look flat and round. The intervertebral discs are made up of annulus fibroses and nucleus pulposus.Converting the food to energy Regulation of the blood clot Forming the bile and then production of proteins used for blood plasma Clear of the blood from poisonous substances like drugs
When any injury happens or tears because of wearing, jelly like nucleus starts pushing it against the outer ring and start herniating. The pressure caused in the outer ring would result in the lower back pain. During the injuries or worn conditions, the jelly like nucleus get squeezed all through the way. The nucleus herniated or broken through its outer ring, lower back will start increasing. It because the jelly like nucleus inflames the nerves of the spine. The pressure it puts over the spinal nerves that are sensitive will cause the weakness, numbness and pain in a single or both the legs. Apart from these causes, herniated disc also happens because of the natural process of aging of the spine. It is because the water content in the disk dries out. Then discs will get shrunk and the vertebrae spaces will become narrow. Such process by aging is called disc degeneration.Biliary Atresia – This condition occurs from either absence of the bile ducts or abnormal development of the same. Acute Hepatic Necrosis – This condition is caused because the tissue in the liver dies. Liver Cancers – Primary tumors in the liver, and not yet spread to the external parts of the liver. Metabolic Disease – This is a condition, caused from the chemical activity, caused by the liver in the cells. Autoimmune Hepatitis – Damage and destruction of the liver because of the chronic inflammation caused in the liver.
• Male, in between 30 to 50 years are likely to have intensified herniated disc. • Improper lifting with the use of the back muscles • Overweight or more stress on the lower back discs • Repetitive activities that are prone to strain the spine • Frequent driving and long seating periods • Sedentary jobs and lifestyle • SmokingBlood vessels blocked in the newly transplanted liver Infection Block of bile duct Bile Leakage No function of the new liver. Treatment regimen noncompliance Serious liver disease persisting, even after the transplantation Other medical conditions, like sever cardiac problem, which could not tolerate the hard surgical procedure Difficult treatment of current or recurring infection Alcohol consumption Metastatic cancer, spread around the source location
• Back pain • Foot or leg pain • Tingling or numbness felt in foot or legs • Weakened foot or legs • Loss of control over bowel or bladder, though it is rare
Most of these pains can be healed by non-surgical treatments. However, severe and intense problems need surgical treatments.
Herniated Discs Spine Surgery in India is a recommended procedure for the candidates, who have intensified symptoms. Microdiscetomy is most commonly performed to treat these problems surgically. This process is performed to remove the herniated part only from the disc and if there are any fragments present, which put more pressure on the nerves of the spine.Urgency – based on the critical condition of the patient Diagnostic Tests – to assess the liver and overall status of health of the patient. Psychological and social evaluation – it includes assessing the stress, family support, financial condition, etc., which influence the final outcome of the transplantation. Blood Tests – to assess matching potential of the donor liver with the liver of the patient
• Infection • Damage of nerves • Dural leakage • Nerve compression caused from hematoma • Disc herniation recurrenceYou have to wear a gown after removing your cloths It starts with IV or intravenous line on the hand. Heart and blood pressure monitoring catheter are inserted to the wrist and neck. Additional catheters may be inserted at subclavian areas. You need to lye on the table. Excessive hair is removed at the site of surgery A catheter is arranged to drain urine After sedation, a tube is inserted into the lungs to control breathing through a ventilator. Skin is cleaned using an antiseptic solution A slant incision is done under the ribs. The diseased liver is separated from the structure and surrounding organs to remove and the veins and arteries are clamped to control the flow of blood to the liver Donor liver is taken and connected to the blood vessels of the patient, and blood flow is established. Bile ducts are connected Incision is closed Drain may be needed to place in the site of incision to control swelling Dressing is done
Outcome that can be expected from microdiscectomy is much relief from the pain. Relief is usually seen after a few weeks of the period after the surgery. The improvement continues even after a few months period. Patients can resume to the normal and regular activities after a few days of the surgery.
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