About Prostate Cancer
Cancer that develops in the prostate is known as prostate cancer. In males, the prostate is a little walnut-shaped gland that secretes seminal fluid, which feeds and carries sperm.
One of the most prevalent cancers is prostate cancer. In the prostate gland, where they may not do much harm, many prostate tumors develop slowly and are localized. Although some prostate cancers spread slowly and may require little to no therapy, others are aggressive and can spread very quickly.
Early-stage prostate cancer that is still contained to the prostate gland provides the best prognosis for recovery.
There are different types of Prostate Cancer such as:
- Acinar Adenocarcinoma: Cancer of the Prostate-Lining Gland Cells.
- Ductal Adenocarcinoma: Cancer of the prostatic duct's lining cells.
- Transitional Cell Cancer: Cancer in the urine-conveying tube's lining cells.
- Squamous Cell Cancer: Cancer of the flat prostate lining cells.
- Small Cell Prostate Cancer : Is a neuroendocrine cancer.
- Frequent urination and pain when passing urine.
- Blood-contaminated urine or sperm.
- Aching Bone.
- Sensing that the bladder hasn't totally emptied.
- Age - As people age, their chances of developing prostate cancer rise.
- Ethnicity - Prostate cancer is more common among Black men.
- Family history - the risk is increased if a first-degree relative has prostate cancer.
- Obesity and diet will both be significant contributing factors.
The two primary diagnostic techniques used to examine the patient are the digital rectal exam (DRE) and prostate-specific antigen (PSA) tests :
- Digital Rectal Examination (DRE) - During a DRE, the physician puts a lubricated finger into the suspected patient's rectum in order to eventually reach the prostate and check it for any abnormalities.
- PSA Test - The PSA test scans the patient's blood sample for signs of chemicals produced by the prostate gland. Prostate cancer and other disorders of the prostate gland are frequently linked to high PSA levels.
- Prostate Biopsy - During this procedure, a needle is used to remove a sample of tissue from the prostate gland. To confirm the presence of any malignant growth, the tissue's cells are examined under a microscope.
- Ultrasound - To examine the prostate gland and look for any malignant growths, a transrectal ultrasound may be performed.
- CT scan, MRI, and bone scans - Are performed to determine whether cancer has progressed to the bones or to any other part of the body.
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Note : This is an approximate cost and may vary depending on various condition of the patient health after physical evaluation.
Erectile dysfunction and urinary incontinence are the two most often reported side effects of prostate cancer surgery :
- Erectile Dysfunction, or ED, is the inability to obtain a strong enough erection to allow penetration. It is also referred to as impotence.
- Urinary incontinence is the inability to control one's pee, which causes leaking. There are several types of incontinence, including urge, overflow, and stress incontinence.
- Hot flushes; diminished sex urge; and diminished erection capacity.
- Reduced muscular strength.
- May result in weakening bones.
- Might result in dyslipidemia.
When the illness is discovered at the local and regional stage, approximately 90% of the patients are totally treated.