About Throat Cancer

Cancer that originates in the voice box or throat (pharynx) is referred to as throat cancer (larynx).

A muscular tube called your throat runs from behind your nose to the base of your neck. The flat cells that line the inside of your throat are where throat cancer typically starts.

The voice box, which is located slightly below the throat, is also prone to throat cancer. The vocal cords, which vibrate to produce sound when you speak, are located in the voice box, which is formed of cartilage.

Types  of Throat Cancer are as follows :

  • Nasopharyngeal Cancer  starts in the area of the throat directly behind your nose called the nasopharynx.
  • Oropharyngeal Cancer originates in the oropharynx, the region of the throat just behind the mouth where the tonsils are located.
  • Hypopharyngeal Cancer starts in the hypopharynx, also known as the laryngopharynx, which is the lower portion of your throat, immediately before your esophagus and windpipe.
  • Glottic Cancer starts in the vocal cords.
  • Supraglottic Cancer originates in the upper voice box and includes cancer that impacts the epiglottis, a cartilage flap that prevents food from entering the windpipe.
  • Subglottic Cancer begins beneath your vocal chords in the lower part of your voice box.


  • Cough.
  • Alterations to your voice, such as hoarseness or slurred speech.
  • Having trouble swallowing.
  • Ear Pain.
  • Growth or infection that doesn't go away.
  • Throat discomfort.
  • Loss of weight.

Risk Factor

  • Tobacco use, which includes chewing and smoking.
  • Consuming alcohol too much.
  • Viral infections, such as Epstein-Barr virus and human papillomavirus (HPV).
  • An absence of fruits and vegetables in the diet.
  • Disease of the gastroesophageal reflux (GERD).
  • Hazardous chemical exposure at work.


  • Endoscopy.
  • Biopsy.
  • CT Scan.
  • MRI.
  • PET.
Procedure India Turkey Dubai
(Price in USD) (Price in USD) (Price in USD)
Throat Cancer 4500 - 9000
Chemotherapy 2200 1500 2450
PET Scan 600 800 1900

Note : This is an approximate cost and may vary depending on various condition of the patient health after physical evaluation. 

Treatment Options

Side Effects

Depending on where the radiation is focused, common side effects can include:

  • Skin issues in the treated area, ranging from redness to blistering and peeling.
  • Mouth ulcers.
  • Dry Mouth.
  • Hoarseness getting worse.
  • Difficulty in swallowing.
  • Change of taste.
  • Breathing problems.
  • Tiredness.


Success Rate